Hazari Prasad Dwivedi Biography And Full Details

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Hazari Prasad Dwivedi Biography in English






Biography of Bhaskaracharya in English: Full Details




Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi is famous as a famous writer, poet, novelist, and original essayist of Indian Hindi language literature.




Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi belonged to the Brahmin community of the Hindu religion. Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was born on 19 August 1907 in a village called ‘Dube ka Chhapra’ in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh.





His family members had great respect for his expertise in astrology. Hazari Prasad’s father’s name was Pt. Anmol Dwivedi. He was considered a great scholar of astrological science.





Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi received his education from the primary school of the village itself and passed the middle examination from there and later along with the 12th examination, Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi also passed the Acharya’s education in the subject of Astrology.





After completing his education, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi joined Shanti Niketan in West Bengal and continued serving in the Hindi department there for many years.





Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, influenced by the influence of Rabindra Nath Tagore and Kshitij Mohan Sen during his stay in Shanti Niketan, started creating literature by doing in-depth literary studies.





Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was very influential, but his nature was very generous and full of simplicity.





Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi had equal authority over Hindi, Sanskrit, English, and Bengali languages.





He had given shape to an excellent research work on the thoughts, works, and companions of the medieval saint Kabir.





Hazari Prasad Dwivedi had good and complete knowledge of Bhakti period literature. Lucknow University had specially honored him by giving him a D.Litt degree due to his academic scholarship. Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi has written many historical research collections on the historical outline of Hindi literature.





Apart from Hindi language, Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi knew many languages including Sanskrit, Bengali, Gujarati, Pali, Prakrit, Apabhramsha etc. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, having acquired knowledge in traditional languages like Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit as well as other Indian languages, played the role of a bridge between the language of the past and the languages of the present.





The novels written by Acharya Dwivedi in 1946, Banabhatta’s Autobiography, Anamdas’s Potha, Punarnava, and Charuchandra Lekha are considered to be very classic category novels.




Hazari Prasad’s memorable essay categories include (Why Do Nails Grow), Ashoka’s Flowers, Kutaj and Alokparva (Collection), etc.





Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, a profound scholar of Sanskrit linguistics, has succeeded in giving a detailed analysis by giving proper place to the verbal tradition of Indian literature and literary science. For all this Dwivedi ji is famous as a great commentator.





Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi has made the discussion of Indian culture, history, astrology literature, various religions, and sects the subject matter of his essays, which have been divided into two parts from the point of view of classification. First thoughtful, second critical.





His thoughtful essays are also available in two categories, in which the philosophical elements are predominant in the first category essays and the second category essays are related to social life. Dwivedi Ji’s critical essays have also been divided into two categories.





In the essays of the first category, various parts of literature have been discussed from the classical point of view, and in the essays of the second category, the works of writers have been considered critically.





In all these essays written by Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, the depth of thought, the novelty of observation as well as the sense of analysis are visible.





Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi ji has used modified Khari Boli in his writings. Keeping in mind the language and subject matter in his writings, there is a proper place in the selection of language. Dwivedi ji has used two forms of language style, first practical language, and second Sanskrit-based classical language.





The first form of the language is found in the general essays of Dwivedi ji and for this type of language style, Urdu and English languages have been adjusted. Dwivedi Ji has used novels and theoretical criticism for the second language genre.





Hazari Prasad Dwivedi’s presentation of the subject reflects his teacher’s style due to which the flow of language composition does not get disrupted even while creating classical language.





After passing the Intermediate examination in the year 1930, Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi made Shanti Niketan of West Bengal his workplace and served there as the Director of Hindi Bhavan for a period of ten years from 1940 to 1950.





The closeness that Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi established with Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore during his stay at Shanti Niketan led to an extraordinary increase in the faith of a humanist in Dwivedi ji’s mind, which helped a lot in his future development.





At that time in Shanti Niketan, due to the proximity of scholars like Praveen Naiko Kshitij Mohan Sen, Vidhushekhar Bhattacharya, Banarsidas Chaturvedi, the literary activities of Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi ji touched the literary peak with more activity.





Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi ji has used modified Khari Boli in his literary works. In his language style, an appropriate selection of language was made according to the subject matter. Dwivedi ji’s language style is reflected in two forms, practical language as well as cultural classical language.





Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi ji has also created many stories like Flowers of Shirish, Kuntha dance of Lord Mahakal, Ketu Darshan, Expansion of the Universe, Man’s best work ‘Literature’ etc. Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi ji has made a unique contribution to creative and critical literary articles through his writing skills.





Dwivedi ji’s literary work is called Sahitya Bhumika and the beginning of Hindi literature. The works of Dwivedi ji paved a new way and a new path in the history of criticism of Hindi language literature.





He has created some works related to the analysis of the medieval spiritual life of India, in which Kabir, Nath sect, and medieval religious practice are mentioned.





Some of the excellent essays of Dwivedi Ji include Ashoka’s Flowers, Vichar Pravah, Kalpalata, Alok Parv, Vichar, and Vitark. In the role of Hindi literature, he has created works like Punarnava, Charuchandralekha, and Anamdas Potha.





This learned man has translated some works into Hindi like Prabandh Chintamani, Lal Kaner, Puraka Prabandh Sangrah, Vishwa Parichay, etc. Scholarly sage Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi ji has also given concrete shape to some history-based works. Such as literary communication, Kalidasa’s Lalitya Yojana, Sur Sahitya, etc.





In Hindi literature, Dr. Hazari Prasad has made a unique contribution through his works like The Essence of Literature, the Nature, emergence, and Development of Medieval Buddhism, Lalitya Mimamsa, and The Essence of Literature.





Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was established as a historian, essayist, and critic due to his scholarship and intelligence and Dwivedi ji’s poetic heart can be seen in his novels, and essays on critical subjects as well as on historical subjects.





But Dwivedi ji has also created a large number of poems which is a fact. Recognizing his intelligence, scholarship, and literary services, Dr. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was honored with the Padma Bhushan Award by the Government of India in 1957 for his profound service to literary education.





Such a scholar and brilliant personality of Hindi literature disappeared forever from the horizon of Hindi literature on 19 May 1979.





It is never possible to fill the void of such a great brilliant personality who, with his brilliant power, gave concrete shape to many subjects and many languages through his creations.




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