Biography of Bhaskaracharya in English : Full Details

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Bhaskaracharya Biography in English






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Bhaskaracharya is called the great mathematician of India. He is credited with solving many topics related to mathematics in the 12th century.




Bhaskaracharya is also known as Bhaskar II or Bhaskar. He has the distinction of being a famous mathematician and astronomer of the 12th century.




Bhaskar II was a great mathematician who is credited with defining astronomical quantities with complete accuracy, including the length of the year. Bhaskaracharya had received training in many subjects from his mathematician and astronomer father.





Following in the footsteps of his father, Bhaskaracharya also succeeded in gaining fame as a mathematician and renowned astronomer.




Apart from being an excellent mathematician, Bhaskar II is famous as the inventor of the principles of differential calculations.




It is believed that Bhaskar II was the first person to imagine difference coefficient and difference calculation.




Bhaskaracharya also has the distinction of being the hereditary successor of the famous Indian mathematician Brahmagupta, the head of the astronomical observatory in Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh).




This same Bhaskar II, through his writings, along with the completely systematic use of the decimal number system, other mathematical techniques, the positions of the planets, conjunctions, eclipses, cosmology, and geography itself, gave form to astronomical commentary on a large scale.





Bhaskara II also filled the gaps in the work of his predecessor, the mathematician Brahmagupta. Considering the important and invaluable contribution of Bhaskar II in mathematics and astronomical science, he has the distinction of being the greatest mathematician of medieval India.





India’s great mathematician Bhaskar II was born in 1114 AD near Vijavadida (present-day Vijaypur Vijraagi of Karnataka). Bhaskar II himself has mentioned this through a verse. Bhaskar II’s father’s name was Maheshwar. He belonged to the Hindu religion and Brahmin community.





The name of Bhaskar II’s son was Loksamudra. Bhaskar II’s daughter’s name was Lilavati. Like his father Bhaskar II, Loksamudra was also an expert in mathematics. Bhaskar II was imparted mathematical knowledge by his father.





Bhaskar II’s father Maheshwar himself was a mathematician, astronomer, and expert in astrology, hence naturally Bhaskar II had inherited mathematical, astronomical, and astrological knowledge from his father Maheshwar. The teacher of Bhaskar II was his father Maheshwar himself.




Under whose patronage Bhaskar II got the distinction of being a mathematician. Bhaskaracharya followed in the footsteps of his father and achieved the proud position of being a great Indian mathematician and astronomer. In medieval India, an observatory was established in the city of Ujjain, which was a major study center of astronomy.





Bhaskaracharya earned fame by becoming the head of the observatory of Ujjain. Bhaskar II made many contributions to his mathematical career throughout his life.





Indian mathematician Bhaskaracharya is credited with proving the Pythagorean Theorem by canceling the conditions for obtaining A2 + B2 = C2 by doing two different types of calculations in the same field.





Calculus of Bhaskar II: His work was grassroots level and was far ahead of its time. Bhaskar II was not only the discoverer of the principles of calculus and its application for the exploration of astronomical calculations.





Rather, the solutions of linear and quadratic indeterminate equations (Kuttaka) were also determined. Bhaskar II, at the age of only 36, demonstrated his intelligence and completed the main work principle ceremony called (Crown of Trises) in 1150.





They succeeded in discovering back in the 12th century the working system of calculus, which was re-established by European mathematicians in the 17th century.





In the book composed in the Sanskrit language by Bhaskaracharya, there is mention of 1450 verses whose works have been divided into four parts.





All these are famous by the names of Lilavati, Bijaganit, Grahamita, and Goladhyay. All this is known as four independent works, all of which are related to different astronomical and mathematical fields. Lilavati, which is the first part, contains mention of 13 chapters.





In which mainly arithmetic terms, calculation of interest, arithmetic and geometric methods, plane geometry as well as solid geometry among others have been mentioned. Lilavati itself includes many methods of commuting numbers such as multiplication, squaring, and progression.




In the 12 chapters of Bhaskar II’s second work, Algebra, Kuttaka’s method for solving positive and negative numbers, zero, surds, determination of unknown quantities, indeterminate equations, and Diophantine equations has been described in detail.




Along with Ganitadhyaya, the Goladhyaya section of Siddhanta Shiromani has been dedicated to astronomy.




Bhaskara II defined several astronomical quantities, including the length of the year, using the astronomical model developed by Brahmagupta.





Subjects like planetary tracking, true longitude of planets, solar and lunar eclipses, the universe and geography, etc. have been given proper place in these sections. The great mathematician Bhaskaracharya was famous for his deep knowledge of trigonometry.





The first discovery in the works of Bhaskaracharya also includes the calculation of the sines of 18 and 36-degree angles.





Bhaskar II has the credit of being the inventor of spherical trigonometry. The branch of spherical geometry holds an important place for calculations in astronomy, mathematics as well as navigation.




India’s great mathematician astronomer Bhaskaracharya had importantly created ‘Siddhant Shiromani’ which has been divided into four parts.





In which each subject matter is related to arithmetic, algebra, calculus, trigonometry, and astronomy. Bhaskara II has a leading position in the field of calculus. Probably, Bhaskaracharya is considered to be the first person to conceive of differential coefficients and differential calculus.





Bhaskaracharya passed on the legacy of his mathematical knowledge to his successor son Lok Samudra and after many years, Lok Samudra’s son established a school to preserve the writings of Bhaskara II.





Based on many beliefs, it has been said that the book (Lilavati) written by Bhaskar II was named after his daughter Lilavati. Such a brilliant Indian mathematician Bhaskaracharya departed from this mortal world in 1185 in the city of Ujjain.




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