Tansen Biography in English Full Details

If you want to know about Tansen ji then you are at the right place and here we are giving you detailed information about him.




India’s music emperor Tansen holds a prominent place among the Navratnas of Delhi’s Emperor Akbar. Due to his unmatched talent in musical art, he was highly respected in Akbar’s court.




Baba Ramdas, the uncle of music emperor Tansen, was also a high-level music practitioner and musician and was a disciple of Swami Haridas of Vrindavan.




Inspired by Baba Ramdas, child Tansen took music lessons from Swami Haridas in his childhood. Tansen’s childhood name was Tanna.




Tansen was born in 1506 AD. He was related to the Hindu religion. Tansen had received music education from Swami Haridas.




But Swami Haridas Tansen was sent to Gwalior’s musician Muhammad Ghaus to gain extreme proficiency in music. After receiving a complete education in singing and music from Muhammad Ghaus, Tansen again returned to Vrindavan to his Guru Swami Haridas and studied ‘Naad’ Vidya under Swamiji and achieved amazing success in the field of music.




Hearing Tansen’s praise, Rewa king Raja Ramchandra appointed him the chief singer of his court. Rewa king Raja Ramchandra was friendly towards Delhi Emperor Akbar. Once Emperor Akbar was present at the house of Rewa king Raja Ramchandra.




There he got the opportunity to listen to the musical art of Tansen. The Delhi Emperor was mesmerized after listening to the music of Music Emperor Tansen and requested the King of Rewa, Raja Ramchandra, to call Tansen to his court in Delhi being impressed by Tansen’s musical art, he was given a prominent place among the Navaratnas.




Many legends are famous about Tansen; it is even said that when Tansen used to sing ragas, Raga Ragini was physically present. Tansen’s father wanted Tansen to become a great musician.




To honor his father’s wish, he thought of taking lessons from music expert Muhammad Ghaus, hence after getting permission from his initial guru Swami Haridasas, he made Muhammad Ghaus his new guru and took music education.




Tansen improved and expanded his musical knowledge by practicing music with Muhammad Ghaus for three years.




Muhammad Ghaus was associated with the Gwalior royal family, hence Tansen’s visits to the Gwalior royal family also increased. After some time Muhammad Ghaus died.




Before his death, Muhammad Ghaus had given all his property to Tansen, so Tansen started living with his family in Muhammad Ghaus’s house.




There are misconceptions about Tansen’s marriage. It is mentioned somewhere that Tansen was introduced to Mrignayani, the widowed wife of Raja Man Singh because Mrignayani was also an expert in music and a melodious singer.




Mrinini was greatly influenced by Tansen’s musical art and taught music to girls under her tutelage. Raja Man Singh’s widowed wife got Tansen married to Hussaini Brahmani, a melodious singer who had received music education from her.





Hussaini’s father was a Saraswat Brahmin belonging to the Hindu religion and due to some pressure, he and his family converted to the Muslim religion. Hussaini’s real name was Prem Kumari and due to accepting Muslim religion, its name became Hussaini, hence Tansen Gharana came to be known as Hussaini Gharana.





According to the second mention, while living in the Gwalior family, Tansen met a woman named Hussaini and after some time, Tansen and Hussaini accepted each other as their life partners. There is no unanimity among scholars even regarding the name of Tansen.





Some scholars call Tansen not his name but the title he received as ‘Tansen’. Tansen is said to be an original artist who used to compose songs with balanced rhythms. There is mention of three texts created by Tansen. First is Musician’s book, the second is Ragamala’s book, and the third is Shri Ganesh Stotra’s book.





After getting a music education, Tansen set out on a tour of the country and presented his musical art at many places, due to which he gained a lot of fame, but he could not find money to support himself. Tansen became a very famous person due to his musical knowledge.





Hearing his praise, Rewa king Raja Ramchandra called him to his court through a messenger and appointed him as his chief musician. Now Tansen has complete support. While living near the King of Rewa, Tansen’s fame started spreading day by day.





Tansen’s singing skills had spread to the Delhi Sultanate. Emperor Akbar of Delhi was very happy to hear Tansen’s music in the court of the Rewa King and asked the Rewa King for a singer like Tansen for his court. Rewa did not want to leave a singer like Naresh Tansen.





But the king of a small state couldn’t refuse Emperor Akbar, who ruled India, so the Rewa king sent Tansen to Akbar’s court as a royal gift. Once King Akbar insisted on music emperor Tansen to sing the raga ‘Deepak’.





Tansen was proficient in singing every raga. At the fixed time, the music emperor started the raga ‘Deepak’. As Tansen was singing ‘Deepak’ raga, not only Tansen himself but all the audience in the court became drenched in sweat. By the time the singing ended, all the lamps kept in the court lit up on their own and the fire was visible all around.





In this way, Tansen’s name became immortal forever in the history of music as the master of Dhrupad music. Tansen maintained an unbroken relationship between literature, poetry, and music of the Braj language. Tansen will always be remembered for this context.





Like the marriage of music emperor Tansen, there is no clear mention of his death. According to Akbarnama, Tansen died in Agra in 1646, the 34th year of Akbar’s reign.





Tansen’s last rites would naturally have been performed on the banks of river Yamuna in Agra and with time, Tansen’s mausoleum was given shape in the form of a memorial in Gwalior, near the tomb of Muhammad Ghaus (Tansen’s second music guru). Presently it is situated at the same place.





Tansen continued performing music in Akbar’s court for about 26 years and at the time of his death, Tansen was about 83 years old. Tansen had many sons a daughter and many disciples. Among the sons of Tansen, the names of Tantarang Khan, Suratsen, and Vilas Khan are prominently mentioned.





Tansen’s son Tantarang Khan and his disciples Chand Mian held important positions among the musicians in Akbar’s court.




From many historical sources, Tansen’s death is found to have taken place on 26 April 1586 in Delhi and there is mention of Akbar along with all the members of his court attending Tansen’s last journey.





Tansen was buried at Behat (Behat) near his birthplace Gwalior. ‘Tansen Music Conference’ is organized every year in December in the memory of Tansen at that place itself. Delhi’s Emperor Akbar was a great music lover.




After hearing the praise of Tansen, Akbar wanted to bring Tansen to his court by any means, force or deceit. Tansen was ranked among the Navaratnas of Akbar. At present, Tansen’s devotional songs spread their beauty in every home.





Every year in December, the Tansen Music Festival is organized at a place called Behat near Gwalior where the Tansen Samman and Tansen Awards are given to the Hindustani Classic Museum. Raga Ragini composed by Tansen will always remind us of his glorious history along with his versatile talent.





In the Indian music series of all Indian singers, the name of music emperor Tansen will always remain paramount and will continue to shine like Diwakar on the musical horizon.




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