Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Biography In English

In today’s article, you will know in complete detail about the great poet Suryakant Tripathi “Nirala” ji. You read this article completely.




Suryakant Tripathi Nirala Biography In English




NameSuryakant Tripathi
Date of Birth21 February 1899
Birth PlaceMahishadal, District Medinipur, West Bengal
Father NamePandit Ramsahay
Mother Name——–
Wife NameManohara Devi
Death15 October 1961
Famous NameNirala
Occupation Army Officer






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Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’ was a brilliant poet, prose writer, and satirist in the field of Indian literary writing and poetry. Giving meaning to his name ‘Nirala’, he has written in a very unique style which is proof of his intelligence. Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’ belonged to the Brahmin sect of the Hindu religion.





There are many misconceptions regarding the birth of ‘Nirala’ ji. In some places, the date of birth of Nirala ji is mentioned as 1896 on the day of Basant Panchami, but in Nirala ji’s story collection ‘Lily’, the date of birth of Nirala ji is mentioned as 21 February 1899.





Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’ used to organize his birth anniversary program only on the day of Basant Panchami. Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala”s father’s name was Ramshay Tiwari and he was a native of Unnao. Ramsahay Tiwari was working as a constable in Mahishadal.





Nirala ji had formally received education up to high school, but making proper use of his intelligence, he acquired the education of Hindi, Sanskrit, and Bengali languages on his ability.





In the early stages of his life, he had to be deprived of the shade of his mother’s lap, which was a very painful time for him.





As soon as Nirala ji entered adolescence, his father Ram Sahay Tiwari also left him alone. The difficult time of Nirala ji’s life was not over yet.




Due to the epidemic that spread after the end of the First World War, Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’s brother, sister-in-law, uncle as well as his companion Manohara Devi also left him in the middle of his life’s journey.





Now Nirala ji became completely alone in his life, but even in difficult circumstances, he did not compromise with life. Then I thought it best to live my life in my way. Nirala ji was especially fond of Allahabad for a long time.





Nirala ji’s first appointment in the field of livelihood was in Mahishadal state where he served for four years from 1918 to 1922.





After this, Nirala Ji became inclined toward freelance writing, translation, and editing work. He was associated with the editing work of ‘Samanvay’ published from Calcutta between 1922 and 1923.





Again he was associated with the editorial board of ‘Matwala’ in mid-August 1923. After this, Suryakant Nirala ji was appointed in the Ganga Pustakmala office of Lucknow, where he provided his services for the organization’s monthly magazine ‘Sudha’ till mid-1935.




Nirala ji spent some time between 1935 and 1940 in Lucknow. After this, Nirala ji gave form to writing and translation work independently while living in Allahabad till his death in 1942. Nirala’s first poem was published in a monthly paper named Janmabhoomi Prabha in June 1920.





His first essay, Pronunciation of Bengali Language, was published in the monthly magazine Saraswati in October 1920.





In comparison to many contemporary poets, Suryakant Tripathi Nirala’s poems merely mention taking the help of imagination, but in Nirala ji’s poetry, reality has been presented prominently as opposed to imagination.





Nirala ji has been known as the originator of free verse in the Hindi language. Nirala ji, underlining the role of the publication of his poetry collection Parimal in 1930, has written that like the liberation of humans, there is liberation of poems too.





Man’s liberation is possible after getting rid of the bondage of karma and the liberation of poetry is possible when it gets separated from the rule of verses. The way a man freed from the bondage of karma does not behave against anyone and all his actions are for the good of others.





This is exactly the nature of free poetry. Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’ ji, along with giving concrete form to mature works, has also been creating poems full of satire and humor, some of which have been compiled in Anamika. However, due to later circumstances, there was a special change in Nirala ji due to the fierce opposition against him from the traditionalists.





Nirala and Pant have been called sensationalist poets. In this way, people with a poetic heart are greatly influenced by social and personal circumstances. Nirala ji’s poems contain deep expressions of negative life along with satires.





By the time Nirala ji’s article ‘Kukurmutta’ presents arguments against progressivism. With the conclusion of the climax and the end of the satire, a sad peace prevails in the heart of the poet.





Now, in the statement of the unique poet, along with the message for the world, a self-revelation towards God is visible and an attempt to praise literary and political great men is visible.





Anima highlights these aspects of life but the intensity of some of its experiences pierces the mind deep within. Nirala ji has tried to incorporate the verses (verses) of mainly Urdu and Persian languages into the Hindi language through Bela and Naye Patte poetry.





After this, in Nirala ji’s two song collections ‘Archana’ and ‘Geet Goonj’, in some places a deep glimpse of self-realization is visible and in others there is sarcasm. To see Nirala ji’s satire, his two prose works ‘Kulli Bhaant’ and ‘Billesur Bakriha’ can be said to be unforgettable.





Great poet Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’ emerged as a shadow poet. He started his literary career by creating a poem named ‘Janmabhoomi Ki Vandana’. He expanded his Hindi knowledge by continuously studying magazines named ‘Saraswati’ and ‘Maryada’.




With this, Nirala ji was successful in making his mark by creating the poem ‘Juhi Ki Kali’. As a Chhayavadi writer, Nirala ji Prasad was equivalent to Pant and Mahadevi Verma. Nirala ji has an important place among the four pillars.





In the path of poetic creativity, ‘Parmal’ is a collection of Nirala ji’s poetic creations in which love and beauty are mentioned. There is mention of a compilation of progressive compositions like ‘Parimal’ and ‘Badal Raga’, ‘Bhikshuk’, Widow, etc. Two editions of Nirala ji’s work ‘Anamika’ have been published.





The publication of the first edition (1923) is a compilation of early poems by Nirala ji, in which three poems of Nirala ji, ‘Panchavati Prasang’, ‘Juhi ki Kali’ along with ‘Main aur Tum’ are mentioned and the second edition of Nirala ji’s poems is It was published in 1931, in which a collection of poems like ‘Ram Ki Shakti Puja’, ‘To Emperor Eighth Edward’, ‘Saroj Smriti’, ‘Daan’ Todti Patthar’ etc. are available.





Nirala ji’s work ‘Geetika’ was published in 1926. 101 songs have been collected in ‘Geetika’ as per its name. Geetika has compiled poems full of feelings of love, nature, nationalism, and philosophy. A poetic volume on Goswami Tulsidas has been created in Tulsidas Rachanakrit.





Nirala ji has collected satirical poems in the works named ‘Kukurmutta’ and ‘Naye Patte’ in which sharp arrows have been showered on social corruption. Other works of great poet Nirala ji like Anima, Apara, Bela, Aradhana, and Archana are also important and notable works.





Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’ had an unwavering and special love for Allahabad for a long period. On 15 October 1971, the soul of this great poet departed from this mortal world forever in a room behind the house of his friend Raisaheb in the Daraganj locality of Allahabad.





Great poet Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’ ji, showing his brilliant power, translated many important texts into the Hindi language. True to his unique name, Suryakant Tripathi had a unique personality.





Nirala ji has a special place in the Hindi literary horizon. It is never possible to fill the void left in Hindi literature by his great sacrifice.




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