Subhadra Kumari Chauhan Biography in English

In today’s article, we are going to give you Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s Biography in English, you can read it below.

 

 

 

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan Biography

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was a conscious poet of national consciousness. His vigorous writing made a successful attempt to awaken the dormant self-respect within the Indian community.

 

 

 

 

She is known as a famous writer of Hindi literature. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan gained immense fame for her poem titled ‘Jhansi Ki Rani’.

 

 

 

Along with his two poetry collections, three story collections have also been published. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan is famous as a poet who awakens national consciousness.

 

 

 

He expressed the experience of his jail journey during independence and the tortures in the form of a story through his powerful writing.

 

 

 

 

The simplicity of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s environment-depicting style and the simplicity and poetic language of her work are heart-warming for everyone.

 

 

 

 

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was born on 16 August 1904 on Nag Panchami in the house of landlord Thakur Ramnath Singh of a village named Nihalpur near Allahabad district.

 

 

 

Being related to the landlord’s family, he did not have to face any kind of deprivation. Subhadra Kumari had four sisters and two brothers.

 

 

 

 

Thakur Ramnath Singh was a person who loved education. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan did her education under the tutelage of her father.

 

 

 

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s poetic talent was visible in her childhood itself. His intelligence was so intense that he used to compose poems while traveling to school.

 

 

 

 

They used to get rewards for coming first in education. Subhadra Kumari had a very sharp mind and playful nature.

 

 

 

Her student life was spent in Prayag and she studied at Crosthwaite Girls College, Prayag. Subhadra Kumari had shown her intelligence by writing a poem on the ‘Neem’ tree at the age of just nine.

 

 

 

In 1913, a poem written on the ‘Neem’ tree was published in the magazine ‘Maryada’ published in Prayag in the name of ‘Subhadra Kunwari’.

 

 

 

Subhadra Kumari was very famous in school due to her proficiency in the art of poetry writing. Subhadra Kumari became the life partner of Thakur Laxman Singh of Khandwa (Madhya Pradesh) in 1919 and started living in Jabalpur after one and a half years of marriage, she started participating in Satyagraha movements.

 

 

 

 

Due to this, he had to spend important moments of his life in jail. While maintaining coordination between family and children, she played an active role in society and politics.

 

 

 

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s first poetry collection was published in 1930 under the name ‘Mukul’ and mainly selected poems were published in ‘Tridhara’.

 

 

 

 

His composition ‘Jhansi Ki Rani’ was a much talked about composition. There was uniformity in the words and actions of Subhadra Kumari which gave her a special personality.

 

 

 

His creations were a storehouse of energy, listening to which even a dying person would become filled with energy.

 

 

 

 

In the year 1920-21, Subhadra Singh along with her husband Laxman Singh took membership in the All India Congress Committee.

 

 

 

 

He actively participated in the Nagpur Congress convention and worked to convey the message of Congress to every home.

 

 

 

 

Subhadra Kumari, despite leading a worldly life, was an embodiment of sacrifice and simplicity and used to wear white khadi dhoti without any border.

 

 

 

 

Despite being fond of adornment and jewelry, she did not use bangles and bindi. Seeing his simplicity, Mahatma Gandhi asked – Ben! Are you married? Subhadra said yes and told me that my husband had also come along. Bapu and Ba were reassured after hearing Subhadra ji’s answer.

 

 

 

 

But showing momentary displeasure he said – Why don’t you have vermilion on your forehead and bangles in your hand as the hallmark of married women? From tomorrow you come here wearing a fringed saree. The nature of Subhadra ji’s affectionate, easy-going mind was such that everyone became under her influence.

 

 

 

 

Jabalpur’s ‘Jhanda Satyagraha’ of 1922 was the first Satyagraha movement and Subhadra had the honor of being the first Satyagrahi woman in the country. Subhadra Kumari was full of love for life and even after distributing love, her treasure of love was never empty.

 

 

 

 

The vigor of national consciousness is fully reflected in the poems of Subhadra Kumari. Some of his energetic poems include many poems like – Veeron ka kaisa ho basant, Swadesh ki prati, Jhansi ki rani, Jaliyawal Bagh mein basant, etc.

 

 

 

The feeling of patriotism was very strong in his mind since childhood. He left his education in 1921 and played an active role in the non-cooperation movement and visited jail several times. Subhadra Kumari also used to perform her song in the daily meetings of the Congress Committee.

 

 

 

At that time, the correspondent of ‘Times of India’ had addressed her as the local Sarojini in one of his reports.

 

 

 

There was a wonderful combination of spontaneity, seriousness, and playfulness within Subhadra ji. The ease with which she accepted the jail journey as the first woman Satyagrahi.

 

 

 

 

Due to the same easy-going qualities, she used to be completely engrossed in the household chores in her house among Bal Gopal. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s writing work started at the age of 15. When he started writing, it was a time of political turmoil.

 

 

 

The British people came to India as traders and after the Battle of Plassey, the British people completely strengthened their roots in India. With time the British people started oppressing the Indians. At that time a frustrating situation had arisen among the Indians.

 

 

 

In this situation, poets and writers like Subhadra Kumari Chauhan worked to awaken the confidence of the entire countrymen by using their powerful writings as a medium.

 

 

 

All the patriotic poets and writers inspired the enthusiasm of the public by showing the reflection of the golden past in the mirror of the present.

 

 

 

Among them was Subhadra Kumari Chauhan. Subhadra Kumari Chauhan considered the youth who were martyred for the country as her inspiration. His heart was also full of patriotism. The foundation of the national movement was strengthened due to Gandhiji’s Satyagraha movement.

 

 

 

 

According to Anubhuti magazine Udgar, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was such a great poet of the Hindi poetry world who with her voice had inspired many young men and women to give up the inaction and sadness of the ages and sacrifice themselves in the freedom struggle.

 

 

 

 

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was a poet who had expertise in presenting complex subjects and emotions in simple language and presenting them to the public. This art of his was successful in increasing the flow of inspiration in the minds of listeners and readers.

 

 

 

 

Writing thrilling verses like ‘Jhansi ki Rani’ in the singing style of Bundelkhand gives an important introduction to the talent and writing vision of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan. Although the aggressive nature of the British people had seized the poetry of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan.

 

 

 

 

However, this poem was memorized by the entire Indian people. Behind the poetic practice of the dynamic Indian poetess Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was her extraordinary courage, excellent patriotism as well as a strong desire for self-sacrifice, which paved the way for her poetic practice.

 

 

 

 

There is no doubt that Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s immortal works ‘She Was the Queen of Jhansi’, and ‘How About the Spring of Heroes’, will always burn in the hearts of many young people in India.

 

 

 

The Indian poetess, who gave form to her poetry without any ostentation, went away from the Indian community forever in a road accident in 1948.

 

 

 

 

The loss of such a wise and dynamic poetess is impossible. His inspirational poems have been collected in the poetry collections ‘Mukul’ and ‘Tridhara’.

 

 

 

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